The agreement requires the application of the precautionary approach and ecosystem approaches for the conservation and management of straddling and large migratory fish stocks, as well as the compatibility of measures on the high seas and measures for areas under national jurisdiction. The agreement highlights the crucial role of regional fisheries management organizations and arrangements as mechanisms for international cooperation with regard to straddling and large migratory fish stocks. The sources of aid available to developing countries and the needs of developing countries in terms of capacity building and assistance in the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and large migratory fish stocks. It refers to fish species that migrate marineally and also have a wide geographical distribution and generally refers to tuna and tuna, sharks, marlins and swordfish. Straddling fish stocks are particularly vulnerable to overfishing due to ineffective management systems and non-compliance with fishing interests. The Territorial Fisheries Convention () is a multilateral treaty concluded by the United Nations to improve the cooperative management of large fishing areas that cover large areas. and are of economic and ecological interest to a number of nations. In December 2016, the treaty was ratified by 91 parties, comprising 90 states and the European Union.  The agreement strives to achieve this goal by establishing a framework for cooperation in the conservation and management of these resources. It promotes good governance in the oceans through effective management and conservation of offshore resources, including setting detailed minimum international standards for the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and large migratory fish stocks; Ensure that conservation and management measures for these stocks are compatible and consistent in areas under national jurisdiction and on the adjacent high seas; Ensure that effective mechanisms are in place to ensure compliance and implementation of these measures on the high seas; and recognising the specific conservation and management requirements of developing countries, as well as development and participation in fisheries for the two types of stocks mentioned above.